Who is The Bride of Christ? Answered!

By Charalampos •  Updated: 03/27/23 •  7 min read

Christians around the world have been debating who the bride of Christ is for centuries. Is it the church? Is it a specific group of people? And what happens to those who are not part of that group?

In this blog post, we will answer these questions based on Scripture, and what the Church Fathers have to say, and we will provide a clear understanding of who the bride of Christ is.

Who is The Bride of Christ?

Who is The Bride of Christ
The Church As The Bride of Christ

The bride of Christ is the Church. The Church is made up of all those who have been baptized into Christ and have professed faith in Him. This includes both the living and the dead.

The Church is the bride of Christ because it is His body as many Church Fathers call it. In Ephesians 5:23-32, Paul says that Christ is the head of the Church and the Church is His body.

This means that the Church is intimately united with Christ and only through the Church and the mysteries (sacraments) that the Church offers can we come closer to God.

We also see in Revelation 21:2 and 10 that the Holy City, the new Holy Jerusalem, is the bride of Christ. The Holy City is made up of all those who have been redeemed by Christ and have received eternal life.

How Can I Be Part of The Church?

If you have not been baptized, then you can become part of the Church by being baptized. If you have been baptized in another Christian denomination, you can become part of the Church by being received only through the Sacrament of Chrismation (if you have been already baptized in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit).

The steps to becoming a member of the Church are:

1. Faith in Jesus Christ and The Body of Christ which is the Church.

2. Learning about what the Early Church Fathers taught.

3. Becoming a member through Baptism and Chrismation.

4. Attending the Liturgy and participating in the life of the Church.

5. Receiving the Mysteries (Sacraments) of the Church.

Every denomination has different requirements, but the Orthodox Church has remained true to the teachings of Christ and His Apostles. These 5 steps are necessary for membership in the Church.

What is The Role of The Bride of Christ (Church) in The World Today?

The Body of Christ

The role of the Church is to proclaim the Gospel to all nations and to make disciples of all nations (Matthew 28:18-20). The Church is also the body of Christ which means that its members are to represent Christ in the world.

This can be done by living a life according to the teachings of Christ, participating in the sacramental life of the Church, and sharing the Gospel with others.

The Church is also to be a light in the darkness, and a place of refuge for those who are persecuted. Today we see the Church fulfilling its role by:

1. Providing Food and Shelter for The Homeless.

With the economic crisis, there has been an increase in the number of homeless people. The Church is providing food and shelter for them through its soup kitchens and shelters.

By helping the homeless, the Church is following the teachings of Christ who said to love our neighbor as ourselves (Matthew 22:39).

2. Welcoming Refugees.

With the increase in wars and persecution, there has been an increase in the number of refugees. The Church is providing food, shelter, and clothing for them. The Church is also helping them to get settled in their new countries.

3. Providing Education for Children.

Many instances of poverty are caused by a lack of education. The Church is providing education for children in its schools and orphanages. By doing this, the Church is helping to break the cycle of poverty and giving these children a chance to have a better future.

4. Converting People to Christianity.

The Church is still converting people to Christianity. In countries where Christianity is not the dominant religion, the Church is working to convert people.

Many Asian and African countries are seeing an increase in the number of Christians due to the work of the Church and the missionaries it sends.

The Church has a vital role in the world today. Although it may not be as visible as it was in the early days of Christianity, it is still working to fulfill its mission.

We do know that not everyone involved with the Church has good intentions. There have been, and continue to be, false teachers and those who seek to harm the Church.

But we also know that the Church is protected by Christ Himself. He promised that the gates of hell would not prevail against it (Matthew 16:18).

Read Also: Why People Are Leaving The Church?

Bible Verses About The Bride of Christ.

Now let’s take a look at what the Bible says about the Bride of Christ.

Bible VerseExplanation
Revelation 21:9 - "And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife."The bride here represents the New Jerusalem, which is the heavenly city. We see again good and evil being contrasted. The beautiful city is the bride, while those who are outside of it are considered the wicked.

As a bride is beautiful and clothed in white, the New Jerusalem is described as being pure and without blemish. It is a place of perfect peace and harmony where God dwells with his people.
Isaiah 62:5 - "For as a young man marrieth a virgin, so shall thy sons marry thee: and as the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, so shall thy God rejoice over thee."This verse is a prophecy of the future restoration of Israel. It speaks of how God will take them back as his people and rejoice over them as a groom rejoices over his bride.

The bridegroom here is the Messiah, Jesus Christ. He is the one who will come and redeem his people, taking them back as his own.
Ephesians 5:25- "Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it;"This verse speaks of the relationship between Christ and the Church. Christ loves the Church and gave himself up for it. In the same way, husbands are to love their wives.
2 Corinthians 11:2- "For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ."This verse speaks of the relationship of the church to Christ as that of a chaste virgin to her husband. The word "espoused" means "betrothed" or "engaged." It speaks of a covenant relationship. The church is in a covenant relationship with Christ, and He is faithful to that covenant.
Romans 7:4- "Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God."This verse shows us that we are so connected to Christ that after His death and resurrection, we are considered married to him. This is a mystical union that brings us into a new relationship with God, one that is characterized by fruitfulness.
Revelation 19:7- "Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory! For the wedding of the Lamb has come, and his bride has made herself ready."The Church is now betrothed to Christ by faith. She awaits the coming of the Bridegroom for the marriage supper of the Lamb, the final eschatological union of Christ and His Church.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is The Bride of Christ - FAQs

Is Israel The Bride of Christ?

No, Israel is not the Bride of Christ. In the Bible, Jesus is referred to as the Bridegroom and His Church is called His Bride. This is a clear reference to the relationship between Christ and His Church, not Christ and Israel.

In the Old Testament, God is often referred to as the Husband of Israel (see Isaiah 54:5; Jeremiah 3:14; 31:32; Ezekiel 16:8; Hosea 2:16-20). This is because God had a covenant relationship with Israel. He was faithful to that covenant, even when they were not.

However, when Jesus came, He established a new covenant with His Church. This new covenant is based on faith, not law (see Romans 3:27-28; Galatians 3:23-29). Therefore, the Church is now the Bride of Christ.

What Happens to Those Outside The Church?

People outside of the Church can also achieve salvation. God works in mysterious ways and we cannot say for certain who is saved and who is not. However, we do know that the Church is the Bride of Christ and those who are not part of it will not share in the same intimate relationship with Him.

It is important to remember that being part of the Church does not guarantee salvation. Just as there are people outside of the Church who can be saved, there are also people inside the Church who are not saved. Salvation is a gift from God that is granted to those who have faith in Jesus Christ.

By contrast, those who do not have faith in Christ will not be saved (see John 3:16-18; Romans 10:9-10). Following the mysteries of God is a hard and sometimes confusing path. However, we must remember that God is love (1 John 4:8) and He wants all people to come to repentance (2 Peter 3:9).

Is Mary The Bride of Christ?

No, Virgin Mary, or Theotokos, is not the Bride of Christ. The Bible is clear that the Church is the Bride of Christ, not an individual. Mary is the Mother of God. She is the one who gave birth to Jesus and is therefore highly honored by the Church. 

The term “Theotokos” means “God-bearer” or “one who gave birth to God.” This is a title of Mary, not a title of the Church.

Final Thoughts

To conclude, the Bible is very clear that the church is the bride of Christ. This is a mystery that was hidden in God’s heart from the foundation of the world but has now been revealed to us through his Son, Jesus Christ.

The church can be a great way to connect with other believers and to grow in your faith. If you’re not currently involved in a church, we encourage you to find one that you can be a part of.

If you have any further questions about the church or the bride of Christ, please don’t hesitate to contact us. We would be happy to chat with you more about this topic!


Charalampos is an Orthodox Christian who wants to help others learn about Christianity. His main goal is to help people understand the Bible and how to apply its teachings in their everyday lives. He also enjoys spending time with his family, playing sports, and hiking.

Keep Reading