What Is Jesus Blood Type?  

By Charalampos •  Updated: 04/20/23 •  6 min read

The question of what was Jesus’ blood type has been debated for centuries. From ancient times to modern day, there have been speculations and theories as to the possible answer.

However, no one really knows what Jesus’ blood type is or if he even had a particular type at all.

In this blog post, we will explore the various theories that have been proposed and look at what the Bible has to say about Jesus’ blood type.

Types of Blood Groups

There is no definitive answer to the question because there is no direct mention of it in the Bible. However, we can find out about a few theories:

There are four main blood types: A, B, AB, and O. These blood types are determined by the presence or absence of certain proteins on the surface of red blood cells.

The Shroud of Turin Theory

The Shroud of Turin

A very popular theory says that Jesus had AB blood type, which is the rarest blood type found in about 3-5% of the population.

This theory is based on the research of the Shroud of Turin. If we accept that it’s an original shroud, then Jesus may have had the same blood type as the blood stains found on the Shroud of Turin.

It’s believed by many people that the shroud is the burial cloth of Jesus. Studies have shown that the blood stains on the Shroud are type AB.

It was also possible to detect its components: hemoglobin, bilirubin, and albumin.

The increased content of bilirubin shows that a person died under stress or torture.

The blood type was determined as IV (AB). According to the set of chromosomes in leukocytes, the gender of a person to who that blood belonged was male.

Modern technologies let scientists examine the shroud by the smallest particles without destroying the material on which they are located. So we can get new information in the future if the studies will continue.

However, it’s impossible to guess what kind of blood the mother of Jesus had. The child inherits the type from a combination of characteristics of both parents, and his data may not coincide with any of them.

What Do We Know About AB Type? 

Jesus blood type

Blood type AB is quite rare on the one hand. On the other hand, it’s compatible with all types when it’s required to transfuse them and mix them with the AB type.

This type of blood arose as a result of evolution by merging two opposite types – A and B.

AB type of blood is considered the youngest since it appeared 400 years ago.

AB Is More Common in Modern Days

Some people say that it’s unlikely that Jesus had this blood type, as it is more common in modern times and was probably less prevalent in the Middle East at the time, on the other hand, this blood type makes Jesus’ physical body more unique in comparison with other population of ancient Israel.

In more ancient burials, archaeologists haven’t found the remains of people with such a blood type. And because of this fact, many people assume that the thousand-year time interval separating Christ and the first person with blood type AB confirms that no one had this type before Jesus.

Thus, Jesus Christ was the first on earth with the AB blood type. 

The Region Jesus Lived

Middle East - The Region Jesus Lived

We can assume other versions of the blood type of Jesus based on the region and time in which He lived.

We can assume that He had blood type A. This blood type is characterized by the presence of the A protein on the surface of red blood cells, and it’s more common in Europe and America.

If Jesus had this blood type, it would mean that he inherited an A allele from both parents. However, Jesus most probably didn’t have this blood type, because it’s less common in the Middle East.

Blood type B wasn’t also widespread in the Middle East since it’s more common in other regions of Asia.

Blood type O is the most common blood type in the world. This blood type has the absence of both A and B proteins on the surface of red blood cells. This blood type would have been more prevalent in the Middle East at the time, as it’s more common in populations from that region.

However, we should understand that these theories are speculative and can’t be proven. Even if some blood type isn’t widespread in the Middle East, Jesus still could have it.

Overall Jesus’ blood type isn’t relevant to his teachings and our faith, but the symbolic meaning of the blood of Christ has an important position in Christianity. 

The Symbolic Meaning of Jesus’ Blood

eucharist miracle - Jesus flesh and blood

Jesus’ blood as a symbol of his sacrifice and redemption is a central concept in Christian theology.

In the New Testament, blood is often used as a metaphor for the shedding of blood and sacrifice.

For example, in the book of Hebrews, it says, “Without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins” (Hebrews 9:22). Of course it doesn’t have a literal meaning. This verse means that a person can’t be saved without constant fighting against sins, or without willing to make everything for God and faith.

Jesus’ blood is said to have cleansing and purifying properties. This idea is one of the most important ones about the Eucharist.

In the first epistle of John, it says that the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin (1 John 1:7). Jesus lost much blood because of the sins of people, and by His sufferings, He defeated death and let us live a righteous life.

The Eucharistic Miracle

Wine in communion also represents Jesus’ blood, because Jesus told His disciples, that wine becomes His blood during Eucharist. However, it is important to note that these practices are spiritual. Physically wine doesn’t change, but spiritually it becomes the blood of Christ.

Final Thoughts

It can be concluded, that we can’t know an exact answer to the question of what blood type Jesus had but based on studies of the Shroud of Turin we can say that Jesus had an AB blood type (if its the real shroud). 

It makes Jesus very unusual for that region and time, however, it’s based only on the belief that the shroud is original. Jesus could also have O blood type or any other.

The importance of Jesus’ blood in Christian theology is as a symbol of sacrifice, redemption, and cleansing, rather than as a physical substance.

Christians should focus on the message of love, compassion, and forgiveness that Jesus taught, rather than on his physical attributes, though they can be sometimes very interesting to know about.


Charalampos is an Orthodox Christian who wants to help others learn about Christianity. His main goal is to help people understand the Bible and how to apply its teachings in their everyday lives. He also enjoys spending time with his family, playing sports, and hiking.

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